Myomas, also known as uterine fibroids, are benign growths that develop in the uterus. They occur in about 20 to 25 percent of women. Since fibroids do not show any symptoms when they are small, they are not noticed by most women. However, once they reach a certain size, number and placement, they can become a problem. Although they are benign growths, as with all abnormal growths, they should be kept under control by a specialist at regular intervals.
Fibroids differ in each woman in terms of location and shape. It can be seen on the outer surface or the inner wall of the uterus. Fibroids, which can also vary in size, can stay small for a long time and grow instantaneously or slowly over the years.
Symptoms of fibroids include changes in menstruation, abnormal vaginal bleeding, long or frequent menstrual periods, intense menstrual pain, vaginal bleeding outside of the menstrual cycle, anemia, pain, pressure, difficulty in urinating and defecating, enlargement in the uterus and abdomen, miscarriage, and infertility. Surgical methods are generally preferred in the treatment of fibroids, depending on their size and condition. The surgical methods used are “Myomectomy” (removal of the fibroids from the abdomen) and “Hysterectomy”. Uterine artery embolisation and hormonal treatments can be applied after clinical evaluations.
- Duygu D.
- Alev A.