Infertility is the diagnosis given to people when there is inability to conceive despite 1 year of unprotected sex. It is also defined as the disorder of the reproductive system. Even if pregnancy is achieved, if pregnancy loss or stillbirth is experienced recurrently, it is also defined as infertility. Infertility can be primary or secondary. In other words, a patient may have primary infertility, or it may appear due to subsequent problems (secondary).
Infertility can be experienced by both men and women. Causes of infertility in women can be enumerated as difficulty in releasing eggs from the ovaries, having poor-quality eggs, excessive alcohol consumption or heavy tobacco use, gain or loss of too much weight, intense physical or mental stress, multiple miscarriages, and blocked fallopian tubes. The 10% of infertility cases cannot be attributed to any obvious reason.
Today, infertility treatments are significantly advanced. Intrauterine insemination treatment or IVF treatments increase the chances of pregnancy substantially for people experiencing infertility problems.
- Duygu D.
- Alev A.